Investing in foreign markets can be a lucrative opportunity for individuals and entities looking to diversify their investment portfolios. Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs) play a significant role in international financial markets by investing in securities such as stocks, bonds, and other financial instruments. Let’s explore the various categories of Foreign Portfolio Investors in India to understand who can participate in these investment avenues.

What is an FPI?

A Foreign Portfolio Investor (FPI) is an individual or entity residing in a country other than India, interested in investing in Indian financial markets. Notably, FPIs do not include Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs), or Resident Indians (RIs).

Categories of FPIs

Category I

Category I FPIs comprise entities with significant financial clout and regulatory oversight. These include:

  • Government and Government-related investors: Such as central banks, sovereign wealth funds, and international organizations.
  • Pension funds and university funds: Entities managing retirement and educational funds.
  • Appropriately regulated entities: Including insurance companies, banks, asset management companies, and investment advisors.
  • Entities from FATF member countries: Appropriately regulated funds and unregulated funds managed by registered Category I FPIs.

Category II

Category II FPIs encompass a broader range of investors, including:

  • Appropriately regulated funds: Not eligible as Category I FPIs.
  • Endowments, foundations, and charitable organizations: Engaged in philanthropic activities.
  • Corporate bodies: Including companies investing surplus funds in foreign markets.
  • Family offices: Managing the wealth of high-net-worth families.
  • Individuals: Retail investors seeking international investment opportunities.

Omnibus Accounts

Omnibus accounts allow certain regulated entities to invest on behalf of their clients as Category II FPIs. Conditions for omnibus accounts include:

  • Eligible clients: Limited to individuals and family offices.
  • KYC requirements: Compliant with home jurisdiction regulations for FATF member countries.
  • Quarterly reporting: Providing investor details to the designated depository participant (DDP) on a quarterly basis.
  • Clubbed investments: Combining investments made by clients directly or through the registered FPI.

Features of Foreign Portfolio Investments

Foreign Portfolio Investments offer several key features, including:

  • Diversification: FPIs allow investors to diversify their investment portfolios by gaining exposure to international markets, reducing overall portfolio risk.
  • Liquidity: Investments in FPIs often offer high liquidity, allowing investors to buy and sell securities quickly and easily.
  • Access to Growth Opportunities: Investing in foreign markets provides access to a broader range of investment opportunities and potentially higher returns compared to domestic markets.
  • Professional Management: FPIs are often managed by experienced professionals and investment firms, providing investors with access to expertise and market insights.
  • Regulatory Oversight: FPIs are subject to regulatory oversight by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and other regulatory authorities, ensuring transparency and investor protection.


Understanding the categories of FPIs is essential for individuals and entities looking to explore investment options. Samarth Capital offers FPI management services in IndiaWhether you’re a large institutional investor or an individual seeking to diversify your portfolio, FPIs offer a gateway to participate in India’s vibrant financial markets.